Natalie M. Scala
Dr. Scala is an analyst at Innovative Decisions, Inc. as well as an associate professor and the director of the graduate programs in supply chain management in the College of Business and Economics at Towson University. She earned Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in industrial engineering from the University of Pittsburgh. Her primary research is in decision analysis, with foci on military applications and cybersecurity. Specific projects include army unit readiness, risk in voting systems, cybersecurity metrics and best practices, naval seabasing, nuclear power plants, and workforce planning. Dr. Scala has extensive professional experience, to include previous positions with the United States Department of Defense, the RAND Corporation, and the FirstEnergy Corporation. Her first book, a co-edited volume titled Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research, was released by CRC Press in early 2020. She is an associate editor for Engineering Management Journal and Military Operations Research and served as the President of the Military and Security Society of INFORMS from 2019-2020.
PhD, Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 2011
M.S., Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 2007
B.S., Mathematics (minor in Communications), John Carroll University, 2005
Selected Publications and Presentations
Scala, N. M. and J. P. Howard (eds.), Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research, CRC Press, 2020.
Scala, N. M., J. Dehlinger, L. Black, S. Harrison, K. Delgado Licona, and A. Ieromonahos, “Empowering Election Judges to Secure Our Elections,” Baltimore Business Review: A Maryland Journal, pp. 8-12, 2020.
Scala, N. M., A. Reilly, P. L. Goethals, and M. Cukier, “Risk and the Five Hard Problems of Cybersecurity,” Risk Analysis, Vol. 39, No. 10, pp. 2119-2126, 2019.
Scala, N. M., and P. L. Goethals, “A Model for and Inventory of Cybersecurity Values: Metrics and Best Practices,” in Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research, 2020.
Oliveri, H., O. Seppänen, T. Alves, N. Scala, V. Schiavone, M. Liu, and A. D. Granja. “A Survey Comparing Critical Path Method, Last Planner System, and Location-Based Techniques,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 145, No. 12, 2019.
Locraft, H., P. Gajendiran, M. Price, N. M. Scala, and P. L. Goethals, “Sources of Risk in Elections Security,” Proceedings of the 2019 IISE Annual Conference.
Price, M., N. M. Scala, and P. L. Goethals, “Protecting Maryland’s Voting Processes,” Baltimore Business Review: A Maryland Journal, pp. 36-39, 2019.
Goethals, P. L. and N. M. Scala, “Eliminating the Weakest Link Approach in Army Unit Readiness,” Decision Analysis, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 110-130, 2018.
Scala, N. M., S. Tomasi, A. Goncher, and K. Bursic, “Motivation and Analytics: Comparing Business and Engineering Students,” INFORMS Transactions on Education, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-11, 2018.
Black, L.. N. M. Scala, P. L. Goethals, and J. P. Howard, “Values and Trends in Cybersecurity,” Proceedings of the 2018 IISE Annual Conference.
Farahani, J., N. M. Scala, P. L. Goethals, and A. Tagert, “Best Practices in Cybersecurity: Processes and Metrics,” Baltimore Business Review: A Maryland Journal, pp. 28-32, 2016.
Scala, N. M., and P. Goethals, “A Review of and Agenda for Cybersecurity Policy Models,” 2016 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference, May 2016.
Scala, N. M., and J. Pazour, “A Value Model for Asset Tracking Technology to Support Naval Sea-base Resupply,” Engineering Management Journal, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 120-130, 2016.
AlMaian, R. Y., K. L. Needy, K. D. Walsh, T. C. L. Alves, and N. M. Scala, “Analyzing Supplier Quality Management Practices in the Construction Industry,” Quality Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 175-183, 2016.
Scala, N. M., J. Rajgopal, L. G. Vargas, and K. L. Needy, “Group Decision Making with Dispersion in the Analytic Hierarchy Process,” Group Decision and Negotiation, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 355-372, 2016.
Scala, N. M., J. Rajgopal, and K. L. Needy, “Managing Spare Parts Inventories: A Data Driven Methodology,” IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 28-37, 2014.
Scala, N. M., J. Rajgopal, and K. L. Needy, “A Base Stock Inventory Management System for Intermittent Spare Parts,” Military Operations Research, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 63-77, 2013.
Scala, N. M., J. Rajgopal, and K. L. Needy, “An Inventory Criticality Classification Method for Nuclear Spare Parts: A Case Study,” in Javier Faulin Fajardo, Angel A. Juan, Scott E. Grasman, and Michael J. Fry (Editors) Decision Making in Service Industries: A Practical Approach, 2012.
Scala, N. M., D. Buede, C. Ciminera, A. Bridges, and R. Kutzner, “Multi-objective Decision Analysis for Workforce Planning: A Case Study,” 2012 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference, May 2012.
Scala, N. M., S. Henteleff, and C. Rigatti, “Examining Real Time Pricing in Electricity Usage,” 2010 Industrial Engineering Research Conference, June 2010. Selected as the “Best Paper in Engineering Economy” at the 2010 IERC Conference.
Scala, N. M., J. Rajgopal, and K.L. Needy, “Risk and Spare Parts Inventory in Electric Utilities,” 2009 Industrial Engineering Research Conference, May 2009.